Planning Policy Glossary and Abbreviations

Glossary

The table below provides a glossary of common Planning Policy terms

Affordable Housingsocial rented and intermediate housing, provided for specified eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.
Area Action Plansa Development Plan Document that guides areas where significant change is likely to happen.
Areas of Attractive Landscapea local (Buckinghamshire) landscape designation that recognises the particular characteristics of certain parts of the open countryside in the Borough.
Biodiversitythe variety of life in all forms (e.g. wildlife, plants, etc).
Brownfield LandLand which has been previously developed.
Buckinghamshire and Milton Keynes Rural Strategyis a countywide rural policy framework for the period 2008-2012, which provides an overview of the state of rural affairs within the county, whilst identifying the most pertinent issues for future attention.
Carbon emissions/ CO2common terms for carbon dioxide, the main “greenhouse gas” linked to global warming.
Carbon footprinta measure of the impact human activities have on the environment in terms of the amount of greenhouse gases produced, measured in units of carbon dioxide.
Carbon offsetincreased carbon dioxide emissions from a new development are balanced by savings in carbon dioxide elsewhere, by making payments into a carbon offset fund.
Carbon zero/ Carbon neutralno net increase in carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the energy used in occupying buildings, including space heating, hot water, cooking, lights and appliances.
Community Infrastructure Levy (CiL)allows local authorities to raise funds from developers undertaking new building projects in their area. The money can be used to fund a wide range of infrastructure that is needed as a result of development. The charge will be non-negotiable, and will apply to most new buildings, based on a charge per square metre. Levy rates will be set in consultation with local communities and developers will provide developers with much more certainty ‘up front’ about how much money they will be expected to contribute.
City CentreThe highest level of centre identified in development plans. In the Borough this is Central Milton Keynes. In terms of retail hierarchies, it will often be a regional centre serving a wide catchment. The centre may be very large, embracing a wide range of activities and may be distinguished by areas which perform different main functions.
Coalescencewhere towns and villages grow into each other.
Co-locationwhere services and facilities share a location in order to deliver services (for example adult education being provided in schools or libraries).
Community Energy Networksa system by which electricity is generated locally and the waste heat is distributed to local homes and buildings through a network, meaning energy is provided more efficiently.
Community Right to Buildis a sub-category of Neighbourhood Development Orders (see below). This right will enable community organisations to bring forward small scale, site specific, community-led developments, without the need to apply for planning permission.
Core Strategyforms a key part of the Local Development Framework. The Milton Keynes Core Strategy sets out the vision for the Borough to 2026. It provides the objectives and strategy for the future development in the Borough and identifies the major areas where growth and change will take place.
Criteria-based policiespolicies that contain several ‘tests’, which development proposals are assessed against.
Cultureas defined in the Cultural Strategy: 'Culture' is a term that means different things to different people. Cultural participation is where people of all backgrounds come together with shared interests and passions. Together with the environment in which cultural activities, whether paid for or free to use (e.g parks and open spaces) take place, culture includes all the things that define our lives, connect us and our communities and represent the values we pass on to other generations. The MK definition recognises the richness of the diverse cultures of our people; the identity of place; and creative or leisure activities.
Densitya measurement of how intensively land is occupied by built development.
Design codea document that sets out the detailed design principles for a particular development.
Development briefa document that sets out detailed development principles for a development site.
Development Frameworka document that sets out the key strategic principles for the development of a whole area.
Development Management DPDpreviously known as the Development Control Policies DPD, this is a Development Plan Document that contains the most commonly used policies to assess planning applications against, such as policies relating to the design of new development.
Development Plan Documentsthese documents carry the most weight in a Local Development Framework. Once they have been prepared they have to be submitted to the Secretary of State at the Department for Communities and Local Government. They are then examined by an independent Planning Inspector to make sure that they meet certain tests.
District CentreDistrict centres will usually comprise groups of shops often containing at least one supermarket or superstore, and a range of non-retail services such as banks, building societies and restaurants, as well as local public facilities such as a library. Within the Borough Bletchley, Wolverton ,Kingston and Westcroft are defined as district centres. See Town Centres.
Dwellinga residential property, such as a house or a flat.
East-West RailEast West Rail aims to restore passenger train services linking Bristol, Swindon and Oxford via Milton Keynes and Bedford, to Cambridge, Ipswich and Norwich.
Economies of scalewhere costs fall as output is increased.
Edge of CentreFor retail purposes, a location that is well connected and up to 300 metres of the primary shopping area. For all other main town centre uses, a location within 300 metres of a town centre boundary.
Examination in Publican examination of a Development Plan Document, carried out by an independent Planning Inspector (appointed from the national Planning Inspectorate), which can be observed by members of the public.
Green Beltland that is specifically designated to be kept as open land in order to prevent urban sprawl. There is no designated Green Belt in Milton Keynes.
Greenfield Landland which has not been previously developed.
Green Infrastructureis the planned network of multi-functional and inter-connecting links of green open space, woodlands, wildlife habitats, parks and other natural areas that contribute to the high quality natural and built environment.
Grid roadsare urban clearways with laybys for bus-stops, with no direct building frontages and no at-grade pedestrian crossings. Some are dualled, and the remainder normally have land reserved for future dualling, or other transport purpose (eg mass passenger transit system). They have substantial landscaping for biodiversity, sound screening and CO2/emissions absorption, usually incorporating a Redway. Collectively, they form a resilient, interconnected network with roundabouts at most gridway intersections, serving both public and private transport.
Haabbreviation for hectare.
Heat Island Effectalso known as urban heat island, an area of warmer temperatures associated with urban development.
Houses in multiple occupation (HiMO)homes occupied by separate households (usually single people or couples) who share facilities or living space such as kitchens, bathrooms and sitting rooms.
Housing completionsthe number of new houses that are built and ready for occupation.
ICTInformation and Communications Technology.
Infilldevelopment that takes place on a vacant or undeveloped site between other developments, ie an infill site.
Job Densitythe number of filled jobs in an area divided by the number of people of working age resident in that area.
Key Settlementa village or town that the local planning authority has chosen for expansion.
Knowledge-based industriestechnology based industries, research and development, creative industries and businesses where workers require a high level of skills.
Legal ComplianceBefore a development Plan Document can be adopted it must be found to be 'Legally Compliant'. This means that the Council must have complied with all the legal requirements, set out in legislation, necessary to prepare and adopt a development Plan Document.
Local CentreLocal centres meet the daily and "top-up" shopping needs of the local population. In Milton Keynes they include new purpose-built centres, ranging from individual corner shops, often associated with a meeting place, to larger centres containing 15 to 20 units; and smaller, older centres in the original settlements incorporated within the city. In rural areas, large villages may perform the role of a local centre.
Local Development Schemethis is a work programme for producing documents in the Local Development Framework. It sets a work programme for the Council for 3 years.
Local Development Frameworkthis is the collection of documents that set the spatial planning policies for the Borough. It includes Development Plan Documents, Supplementary Planning Documents and the Local Development Scheme.
Local Enterprise Partnershipthese are local authority-business bodies brought forward by local authorities themselves to promote local economic development. Local enterprise partnerships will tackle issues including planning and housing, local transport and infrastructure, employment, enterprise and supporting business start-ups. Milton Keynes is part of the proposed South East Midlands LEP.
Localism Act(received Royal Assent on 15 November 2011) devolves greater powers to councils and neighbourhoods, giving local people new rights to shape the development of planning policy at a local level.
Local Planthis is the main planning policy document for the Borough until replaced by the Local Development Framework. It contains strategic policies (some of which will be replaced by the adoption of this Core Strategy), detailed policies to guide the location and nature of development, and it includes policies and proposals for specific sites. The Local Plan will be replaced by Plan:MK (see below) upon its completion.
Local Strategic PartnershipBrings together the local authority, all service providers, local businesses, community groups and the voluntary sector to develop a Community Strategy to cover the local authority area.
Local Transport Plansare statutory documents introduced through the Transport Act 2000 and amended through the Local Transport Act 2008. They set out the authority's local transport strategies and policies, and an implementation programme. Authorities may include the local transport strategies and policies, and the implementation plans in a single document, or in separate documents. The 2008 legislation means that local transport authorities may replace their Plans as they see fit whereas previously they had a life of 5 years.
Milton Keynes Partnershipthis was the organisation responsible for delivering the growth of Milton Keynes. It was responsible for making decisions on planning applications in certain parts (the Urban Development Area) of Milton Keynes. Milton Keynes Partnership responsibilities have now been transferred to Milton Keynes Council.
Milton Keynes Tariffan initiative that ensures for every property built within the defined Urban Development Area, the developer will pay (amounts are index-linked) £18,500 per residential dwelling and £260,000 per hectare of employment space which will be used to help fund community facilities and infrastructure.
MK2031 Strategy for Growthprepared by Milton Keynes Partnership, this document provides a long term vision for Milton Keynes which will help to guide the development and growth of the new city through to 2031. It was produced by the Partnership in response to the MKSM Sub Regional Strategy and to assist the Partnership respond to the South East Plan and future local development plan documents for the MK Growth Area. As the South East Plan his now due to be revoked little weight can be attached to this plan.
Modal shiftused to describe the change in the way people travel, from one mode (e.g. the car), to another mode (e.g. public transport).
National Planning Policy Framwork (NPPF)Published in March 2012, the NPPF sets out the Government’s planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. The NPPF replaces the 'Planning Policy Guidance' and 'Planning Policy Statements'
Neighbourhood Action PlanAn Action Plan uses integrated community, social, economic and physical programmes to address the needs of the local neighbourhood aimed at securing real and measurable change.
Neighbourhood Development Order (NDO)enables communities to grant planning permission for specific types of development they want to see go ahead in a particular area within the parish or ‘neighbourhood area’. This could be either a particular development, or a particular class of development (for example retail or housing).
Neighbourhood (Development) PlanA Neighbourhood Plan is a new type of community-led initiative which allows communities to create a vision and set out policies on the development and use of land in a parish or ‘neighbourhood area’. Once a Neighbourhood Plan has been completed it will become part of the Development Plan for Milton Keynes (subject to adoption of the plan by the Council) and will therefore become a material consideration within the planning system.
Neighbourhood Planningis a key component of the Government’s Localism Act, introducing a new tier in planning.
Neighbourhood Regeneration Strategyis a five year rolling programme which concentrates on the most deprived communities within Milton Keynes working to implement Neighbourhood Action Plans developed with the local communities.
Out of CentreA location which is not in or on the edge of a centre but not necessarily outside the urban area.
Oxford to Cambridge Arc (O2C Arc)Milton Keynes sits in the centre of the Oxford to Cambridge Arc. The Arc promotes the set of educational, research, business, commercial and governmental resources that exist in the area between Oxford and Cambridge.
Peak oilis the moment when global oil production will reach its maximum level and then go into decline. According to the Local Government Association, some commentators believe that we have already reached, or will soon reach this point (Volatile Times: transport, climate change and the price of oil - LGA December 2008).
Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004An Act to make provision relating to spatial development and town and country planning; and the compulsory acquisition of land.
Plan:MKBackground work has begun on a single local plan, to be called Plan:MK which will incorporate Development Management Policies and Site Allocations and will replace the existing Milton Keynes Local Plan (2005).
Primary Shopping areaDefined area where retail development is concentrated. In Central Milton Keynes the primary shopping area is defined as the area between Silbury Boulevard, Avebury Boulevard, Saxon Gate and Marlborough Gate.
Public realmspace that is meant to be used by the public in general, whether it is publicly or privately owned.
Public transportcomprises passenger transportation services which are available for use by the general public, as opposed to modes for private use such as privately owned motor vehicles. Public Transport services are usually funded by fares charged to each passenger. Public transport in the context of Milton Keynes currently consists of buses, trains and taxis (with taxi meaning both 'Hackney' carriage and Private hire). Public transport in Milton Keynes is expected to develop and in the future could include mass transit systems based on guided buses, trams and light rail. Promotion of car pools and car sharing may in the future be considered public transport if access to these initiatives is open to use by the general public.
Quality Bus Initiativefour key bus routes in Milton Keynes where high frequency and high quality services are being developed as a priority.
Regenerationreplacing the term Urban Renewal, the term has become associated with wholesale clearance and comprehensive redevelopment. It aims to arrest and reverse the cycle of decline thereby transforming the life prospects of the most deprived residents.
Regional Spatial Strategy (RSS)Prepared by a regional planning body, setting out policies relating to land use and development for the whole region. These are currently in the process of being revoked.
Ring-fencedrelates to money that has been set aside and must be used for a certain purpose.
Section 106/ S106 Agreementa legal contract under Section 106 of the Town and Country Planning Act 1990 between the local authority and named parties stating the terms of planning obligations imposed by the local planning authority in relation to a planning application. Planning permission is not granted until the Section 106 Agreement has been completed.
Site Allocations DPDa Development Plan Document that allocates land for development.
Social and Community InfrastructureSocial and community infrastructure includes those facilities provided by both the public and private sectors that support the formation, development and maintenance of a community. It includes education, healthcare, police, fire and rescue and ambulance services, community centres, sports and leisure facilities, waste and recycling facilities. Additionally, social infrastructure can include provision of community projects, local networks and volunteering.
SoundBefore a Development Plan Document can be adopted it must be found to be 'Sound'. For a Document to be sound it should be justified, effective and consistent with national policy.
Spatial Visionis a brief description of how an area will have changed at the end of a plan period.
Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA)is a document that assesses sites across the Borough with potential for housing development over the next 15 years.
Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)Estimates housing need and demand for affordable and market housing.
Strategic Land Allocation (SLA)is a land allocation to provide a development which will form a key component of the next phase of growth in Milton Keynes. Allocated in the Core Strategy, the SLA will provide 2,900 homes (and other supporting uses) on the south-eastern boundary of Milton Keynes.
Strategic Land Allocation Development Frameworkis a first step to guide all future stages of development in the Strategic Land Allocation. It establishes a context for planning applications and design codes, which will follow on and contain more detailed proposals.
Supplementary Planning Documents (SPD)/ Supplementary Planning Guidance (SPG)these documents provide additional detail to supplement policies in Development Plan Documents.
Sustainability Appraisal (SA) and Strategic Environment Assessment (SEA)the process by which social, environmental and economic issues are integrated into the production of Development Plan Documents and Supplementary Planning Documents. The process is iterative and takes place alongside the production of the documents, informing any decisions made.
Sustainable Communities Strategysets out the community’s blueprint for the future of Milton Keynes.
Sustainable Urban Extensionsnew areas to be developed on the edge of the city, which will provide an appropriate level of local facilities and services, high environmental standards, and which will be well connected by public transport, cycling and walking routes.
Technopole / Science and Innovation Habitatrefers to a facility or collaboration of intense high-technology innovation activity such as Cambridge in the UK.
Tenurerelates to the conditions under which a property is occupied (i.e. if it is rented or owned).
Town CentreCentres which function as important service centres, providing a range of facilities and services for their catchment area. Within the Borough Newport Pagnell, Olney, Stony Stratford and Woburn Sands are defined as town centres. They are the third level of centre in Milton Keynes, according to the Retail Hierarchy in Policy CS4 (Retail and Leisure Development) of the Core Strategy. See District Centres.
Urban Development Areaareas to the east, north and west of Milton Keynes where Milton Keynes Partnership was the Development Control Authority, until the merger with Milton Keynes Council in January 2013. The UDA was designated under the Milton Keynes (Urban Area and Planning Functions) Order 2004.
Urban GrainThe pattern of the arrangement and size of buildings and their plots in a settlement.
Urban Structurethe framework of routes and spaces that connect locally and more widely, and the way developments, routes and open spaces relate to one another.

Abbreviations

The below outlines abbreviations that are used in Planning Policy in Milton Keynes

AMRAnnual Monitoring Report
AVDCAylesbury Vale District Council
BREEAMBuilding Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method
CBCCentral Bedfordshire Council
CMKCentral Milton Keynes
CiLCommunity Infrastructure Levy
DFDevelopment Framework
DPDDevelopment Plan Document
GOSEGovernment Office for the South East
HCAHomes and Communities Agency
JDTsJoint Delivery Teams
JHDTJoint Housing Development Team
JHMTJoint Housing Monitoring Team
LAALocal Area Agreement
LDDLocal Development Document
LDFLocal Development Framework
LDSLocal Development Scheme
LSPLocal Strategic Partnership
MKMilton Keynes
MKCMilton Keynes Council
MKPMilton Keynes Partnership
NPPFNational Planning Policy Framework
NAPsNeighbourhood Action Plans
PPSPlanning Policy Statement
RSSRegional Spatial Strategy
SHLAAStrategic Housing Land Availability Assessment
SHMAStrategic Housing Market Assessment
SASustainability Appraisal
SCIStatement of Community Involvement
SDAStrategic Development area
SEAStrategic Environmental Assessment
SEERASouth East England Regional Assembly
SEPSouth East Plan
SHLAAStrategic Housing Land Availability Assessment
SHMAStrategic Housing Market Assessment
SHPStrategic Housing Partnership
SLAStrategic Land Allocation
SLA DFStrategic land Allocation Development Framework
SPDSupplementary Planning Document
SPGSupplementary Planning Guidance
SoSSecretary of State
SRSSub-Regional Strategy (Milton Keynes and South Midlands)
UDAUrban Development Area

Last Updated: 30 November 2017