2016/17 JSNA Life Expectancy
Who is at risk and why?
Life expectancy at birth for men and women in England and for those living in Milton Keynes continues to rise. National statistics show that it has risen from 78.8 years for females in 1992-1994 to 82.9 years in 2013-2015. For males, life expectancy has increased from 74.3 years to 79.1 years during the same period. These figures are slightly below the England average (Females 83.1 years, Males 79.5 years).
This overall increase in life expectancy in both genders masks the inequalities that exist between areas within Milton Keynes. Statistics clearly illustrate the association between life expectancy and where people live. Locally we calculate life expectancy at ward level to better understand differences within the Borough. Although there are some minor year to year changes in the order of ward rankings on life expectancy these changes are often mere statistical variations, and the broad perspective remains similar
The slope index of inequality measures the difference in life expectancy between the most and least deprived deciles (or tenths) of the population over a three year pooled period. These are reported in the Public Health Outcomes Framework and show a gap of 7.9 years for males and 7.6 years for females. The average number of years a male or female would expect to live in good health based on contemporary mortality rates and prevalence of self-reported good health (Healthy life expectancy at birth) is 64.1 years for males and 64.5 years for females compared to England averages of 63.4 and 64.1 respectively. The main diseases that are causing these differences in life expectancies between Milton Keynes and England are respiratory diseases: pneumonia and COPD and cancer. Differences within Milton Keynes are due to: cancer, heart and vascular diseases and respiratory diseases. There are however important differences for males and females. For males coronary heart diseases and other vascular diseases, COPD and lung cancer are the leading causes. For females all major cancers (breast, lung, bowel) are the major cause followed by COPD.
Level of need in the population
Middleton is the ward which has made the greatest percentage improvement in life expectancy since 2003-07 and where life expectancy at birth is generally highest (84.7 years in 2008-12). Woughton ward remains the most deprived ward in Milton Keynes and the ward with the lowest life expectancy (73.0 years in 2008-12), but in terms of improvement it ranks 6th out of 24 where 1st is the most improved (Middleton). There continues to be much to be done for the population of Woughton to reduce the inequality in life expectancy they experience and this will take considerable time, but it is reassuring to see that progress is being made.
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Last Updated: 6 May 2020