Home to School Transport

Parents and carers have a legal duty and a responsibility to ensure that their children attend school regularly and to make any necessary arrangements to ensure that they attend. In certain circumstances the Council has a duty to provide free home to school transport.

Parents/guardians are advised to read the Home to School Transport leaflet (PDF, 192KB) before applying for transport assistance.


Eligible Pupils

For pupils aged 5 to 16, travel support is provided between home and school if pupils attend the nearest appropriate school as determined by the Local Authority, and the distance between home and school exceeds the statutory walking distance, i.e., two miles or more for pupils under 8 years of age and three miles or more for pupils aged 8 to 16 (accompanied as necessary).  

Adult Bus Pass

An Adult Bus Pass may be provided for an adult to accompany a child under 8 years old.  

Low Income

Children aged between 8 and 11 years from low income families are entitled to travel support where they live more than two miles from their nearest, appropriate, qualifying school. Children aged 11 to 16 from low income families are entitled to travel support from their home to one of their three nearest qualifying schools as designated by the Local Authority if the distance is between two and six miles. 


For those children whose entitlement to free home to school transport has been confirmed by the Council, there is an option for parents or carers to use their own vehicle to provide home to school transport, IF the Council decides that it is a cost effective choice in respect of transport for your child. The mileage payment made by the Council for parents or carers that provide school transport is 45p per mile, based on the shortest distance between home to school and on confirmation from your child’s school of their attendance.  It is also possible to request that another adult - nominated by you – be allowed to provide the transport for your child, but only with your signed agreement.    

Privilege Fare Scheme

It may be possible for parents or carers to pay for travel on a home to school contract bus as a fare payer, but only if there are spare seats available once entitled children have been allocated seats. This is known as the Privilege Fares Scheme.  To apply use our privilege fare application form

Post 16 Students

Post 16 students who have a transport need identified in their Statement of Special Needs or Transition Plan may receive additional travel assistance. Post 16 students without a Statement of Special Needs, but who have a medical condition or learning difficulty or disability, may also be considered for travel assistance. 

Exceptions and Appeals

It is possible to apply for free school transport on exceptional grounds. These cases are considered on an individual basis, by a council panel. The panel’s terms of reference are available here - TEA Terms of Reference (PDF, 167KB)

Children living in temporary accommodation

For families placed in temporary accommodation Home to School Transport is only applicable where full duty to re-house is confirmed and it is established that the housing placement is anticipated to be for less than one school term. Families who are anticipated to be placed in temporary accommodation for more than one school term should make an application for a more local school place. 

Please be aware that the Education Access team is unable to progress an application for Home to School Transport until this information has been verified by the Housing team. If you wish to check the status of your housing application ahead of making a Home to School Transport application please email homeless.enquiries@milton-keynes.gov.uk  or call 01908 253481


Family Led Travel Budget

Family Led Travel Budget (FLTB) is a payment provided to parents or carers to facilitate any arrangements for home to school travel in order to ensure attendance and access to education. It allows families to make flexible arrangements and monitor the quality of transport directly.

In order to access a FLTB there are a number of eligibility criteria that must be met:

  • child must have an Education Health and Care Plan (EHCP)
  • child must qualify for home to school travel under the Home to School Travel eligibility criteria

A FLTB may be allocated as a result of a Transport Exceptions and Appeals (TEA) application. To find out more, please view the Family Led Travel Budget guidance (PDF, 208KB) .




If you have any queries about transport arrangements and eligibility please contact us.